Being an Indian we got the opportunity to become part of one of the oldest civilisations in the whole world. India has witnessed a marvelous revolution from Indus Valley Civilization to modern India. These civilizations blessed India with a rich religious and spiritual culture. India is considered to be the mother of various religions, languages, culture and belief. Today we might find our country in a developing phase but there are still a few cities in our country that are believed to hold the essence of that old India. And these cities proudly come under the list of “Oldest Cities of India”.
In this blog we will be driving some light on 5 oldest cities of India and will talk about their cultures and religion.
1. Varanasi: The City of Light
Either call it Varanasi, Banaras or Kashi but the piousness of this godly place will remain the same. Banaras is situated on the banks of holy river Ganga in Uttar Pradesh. This place is like a rope that ties the branches of Culture, Religion, Knowledge, Devotion together as a whole.
From being the home of Kathak and Classical Music to being the “City of Knowledge” Varanasi has it all. Due to presence of rich culture and religious beliefs Varanasi is also known as The Religious Capital of India. Not only religion but because of Universities like Banaras Hindu University, Sampurnanand Sanskrit University and Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi is like a home for Goddess Sarswati.
Travellers from all across the world visit this place for seeking peace and wisdom. Varanasi may have seen a lot of development these days but those dense streets with old hoses still reflect the old India.
2. Ujjain: The City of Temples
Next name in the list of The Oldest Cities of India is Ujjain. This city of Madhya Pradesh is famous for the temples of lord Shiva. Ujjain is located on the banks of river Kshipra. This city also has a mention in Mahabharata as the capital of Avanti Kingdom.
Ujjain is homeland of the grand Shiva Temple famous by the name of Mahakaleshwar. This temple also comes under twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. People from all across the country as well as the world visit this holy place to worship lord shiva. The presence of all these ancient temples gives this place an essence of being the oldest city of India.
This place is also believed to be the residence of the great emperor Ashoka during his Reign as Viceroy of western provinces of the Maurya Empire. The immense wealth of Ujjain in terms of religion, architecture, and educational value makes this place famous amongst not only Indian travellers but also amongst foreign tourists as well.
3. Rajgir: The Abode of Kings
Not many people are aware of the glory of this place in the Indian History. This city of Bihar is surrounded by seven hills and also served as the capital of Magadh from the time of Mahabharata till 5th Century BC, when the Magadh King Ajatshatru decided to shift the capital of Magadh to Pataliputra (now known as Patna).This is the place where Gautam Buddha spent his summers meditating on the peak of the Gridhakuta. This unexplored glory of our country might not be much famous among the travellers but it holds some enthusiastic past and history. The forgotten roads of this place still sing the song of its empire.
And just because of this exclusive past story that this holds makes it one of the oldest cities of India.
From the moment you enter Rajgir, its air will make you aware of its historical importance. The great cyclopean wall of Rajgir gives us a wind of old India. And only that but ancient stone structures scattered around the city makes it even more attractive and captivating.
This place seems to have a strong grip into legends and tales that shaped the history of India.
4. Madurai: The Oldest Cities of India
This is the second largest city of Tamil Nadu, situated on the banks of river Vaigai. Madurai is home for the Meenakshi Temple, one of India’s greatest architectural and cultural landmarks.
There is something about this city that makes it different from other cities and its that this city is made in the Shape of Lotus. The Meenakshi Temple is located at the center of this lotus shaped city with streets and main roads layered one after the other concentrically outward from the center. Madurai is the place where Tamil language ripened many centuries ago. And not only this but thi solace also gave birth to some amazing architectural monuments.
Apart from architecture this city is famous for South Indian spicy foods, scrumptious Jigarthanda and fluffy Idly (Rice cake).
Madurai is always full of visitors due to the rich cultural vibes that it offers to the devotees. People come here in search of peace and piousness. They have a strong belief that Madurai has something heavenly and nice.
All these ancient architecture makes it in the list of oldest cities of India.
5. Thanjavur: The City of Cold Farmlands
Another old city of India is also from the beauty of South, Tamil Nadu. The city rose to prominence during the rule of Chola monarch King Vijayalaya chola who made it the headquarters of Chola dynasty. A number of dynasties like Pandyas, Nayaks, Marathas and the British ruled over this city. This great history of this place makes it into the list of oldest cities of India.
Thanjavur is home for some magnificent temples that are famous for their breathtaking architecture. These amazing sculptures and monuments make Thanjavur quite famous song visitors.
This was all for “5 Oldest Cities of India”.
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